首先，让我们来看一些表示结尾的词组，如in conclusion, in summary, in brief等。
其次，一些表示过渡的词组也非常有用，比如on the other hand, meanwhile, consequently等。
此外，还有一些表示观点的词组，如in my opinion, personally speaking, it seems to me等。
最后，还有一些表示递进的词组，如furthermore, in addition, moreover等。
English writing is a very important skill for middle school students. To make the composition more rich and vivid, we need to use some universal phrases. Today, I will introduce several commonly used phrases.
First of all, let’s take a look at some phrases that indicate the end, such as in conclusion, in summary, in brief, etc. These phrases can help us summarize at the end of the article, so that readers can better understand the main idea of the article.
Secondly, some transitional phrases are also very useful, such as on the other hand, meanwhile, consequently, etc. These phrases can help us better connect different paragraphs in the article, making the article more fluent.
In addition, there are some phrases for expressing opinions, such as in my opinion, personally speaking, it seems to me, etc. These phrases can help us express our opinions and positions, enabling readers to better understand our thoughts.
Finally, there are also some phrases for expressing progression, such as furthermore, in addition, moreover, etc. These phrases can help us further expand our arguments, making the article more convincing.
Overall, universal phrases are very useful in English composition. They can help us better organize the article, making it more fluent, rich, and vivid, thereby improving the quality of the article.